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Juno: Roman Goddess

Juno was a prominent Roman goddess who played a vital role in the Roman pantheon. She was known as the queen of the gods and the goddess of marriage and childbirth. Juno was also regarded as the protector of the state and the special counselor of the Roman people.

In Roman mythology, Juno was the wife of Jupiter, the king of the gods, and the daughter of Saturn. She was often depicted as a beautiful and regal woman, wearing a crown and holding a scepter. Juno was also associated with the peacock, which was her sacred animal, and the cow, which symbolized her role as a fertility goddess.

Juno was worshipped by the Roman people in various ways, including festivals, sacrifices, and temples. Her influence extended beyond the realm of religion and into the social and political aspects of Roman society. Juno’s legacy can still be seen in modern culture, where she continues to be a symbol of power, femininity, and protection.

Mythology and Worship

Origins and Family

Juno was a Roman goddess who was considered to be the queen of the gods and the wife of Jupiter. She was the daughter of Saturn and was born as one of the oldest of the gods. Juno was often associated with the Greek goddess Hera, and the two were considered to be very similar in their attributes and characteristics.

Worship and Cults

Juno was worshipped by the Romans as a goddess of marriage and childbirth. She was also considered to be the patron goddess of the Roman state and was often invoked to protect the city of Rome. Juno had many temples and shrines throughout the Roman Empire, and her worshippers would often offer her gifts and sacrifices in order to gain her favor.

Attributes and Symbols

Juno was often depicted as a regal and beautiful woman, wearing a crown and holding a scepter. She was also associated with the peacock, which was considered to be her sacred bird. Other symbols that were associated with Juno included the cow and the pomegranate.

Mythological Tales

Juno played a prominent role in many of the myths and legends of ancient Rome. She was often depicted as a jealous and vengeful goddess who would punish those who crossed her. One of her most famous stories involves her rivalry with the Trojan prince, Paris, who chose Aphrodite over her in a beauty contest. Juno then worked to ensure that Paris’s journey to Troy was filled with danger and obstacles.

Cultural Impact

Art and Literature

Juno, the Roman goddess, has had a significant impact on art and literature throughout history. She is often depicted as a powerful and regal figure, adorned in luxurious clothing and jewelry. Her association with marriage and childbirth has made her an important symbol in many cultures, and she has been depicted in various forms of art, including sculptures, paintings, and mosaics.

In literature, Juno is often portrayed as a fierce and vengeful goddess who punishes those who cross her. She is a central figure in many myths and legends, including the story of the Trojan War. Her influence can also be seen in the works of Shakespeare, who often drew inspiration from Roman mythology.

Modern Depictions

Juno continues to be an important figure in modern culture, appearing in various forms of media such as movies, TV shows, and video games. Her image has been used in advertising campaigns, and she is often referenced in popular music.

One of the most notable modern depictions of Juno is in the 2007 film of the same name. The movie tells the story of a teenage girl who becomes pregnant and decides to give her baby up for adoption. The title character, Juno, is a nod to the Roman goddess of childbirth and motherhood.

Overall, Juno’s impact on art and literature is undeniable, and her influence continues to be felt in modern culture. Her depiction as a powerful and regal figure has made her an enduring symbol of strength and femininity.

Comparative Mythology

Greek Counterpart: Hera

Juno, the Roman goddess, is often compared to the Greek goddess Hera. Both goddesses are associated with marriage, childbirth, and family. They are also known for their strength and power. However, Juno is often considered to be more aggressive and vengeful than Hera. Juno is also associated with war and is sometimes depicted as a warrior goddess, while Hera is not.

Influences on Other Cultures

Juno’s mythology and iconography were mostly adopted from the Greek goddess Hera. However, Juno also had a significant influence on Roman culture and religion. She was considered to be the protector and special counsellor of the state, and her role as a guardian of women and children was highly valued. Juno was also associated with money and wealth, and the first Roman coins were minted in her temple.

Juno’s influence extended beyond Rome, and she was also worshipped in other parts of the ancient world. In Etruscan mythology, she was known as Uni, and in Carthaginian mythology, she was known as Tanit. In both cases, she was associated with fertility, childbirth, and family.

Overall, Juno’s mythology and influence on other cultures demonstrate the enduring importance of family, marriage, and motherhood in ancient societies.

Festivals and Temples

Juno was an important deity in the Roman pantheon, and as such, she was honored with various festivals and temples throughout the year. Here are some of the most significant ones:


The Matronalia was a festival held in honor of Juno on March 1st. It was a time when married women would receive gifts from their husbands and daughters would give presents to their mothers. The festival was also a time for women to gather and celebrate their roles as wives and mothers.

Temple of Juno Moneta

The Temple of Juno Moneta was one of the most important temples dedicated to Juno in Rome. It was located on the Capitoline Hill and was built in the 4th century BC. The temple was named after Juno Moneta, who was the goddess of money and finances. It was also the site of the Roman mint, where coins were produced.

Other Celebrations and Shrines

Apart from the Matronalia and the Temple of Juno Moneta, there were other celebrations and shrines dedicated to Juno throughout the year. For example, the Nonae Caprotinae was a festival held on July 7th, where a wild fig tree was decorated in honor of Juno. There was also a temple dedicated to Juno Regina on the Aventine Hill, which was built in the 4th century BC.

Overall, Juno was an important deity in the Roman pantheon, and her festivals and temples were a significant part of Roman religious life.