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Dianmu: An Overview of Etymology, Attributes, Family Tree, and Mythology

Dianmu is a significant goddess in Chinese mythology, known for her association with lightning. Her name literally translates to “Electric Mother,” and she is often depicted holding a pair of mirrors that she uses to create bolts of lightning or fire. Dianmu is also known as the wife of Lei Gong, the god of thunder, and their relationship is a central aspect of her mythology.

According to legend, Dianmu was once a human who lived with her mother. One day, while she was dumping rice husks, the short-tempered thunder god Leigong saw her and thought she was wasting food. He killed her on the spot, but was later moved by her filial piety and transformed her into a goddess. This story is often cited as one of the origins of Dianmu’s association with lightning.

Dianmu’s attributes and family tree are also important aspects of her mythology. She is often depicted as a beautiful woman with long hair and a serene expression, and her family tree includes a number of other important deities, including the Jade Emperor and the Queen Mother of the West. Overall, Dianmu is a fascinating figure in Chinese mythology, and her stories continue to captivate audiences around the world.


Dianmu is a goddess in Chinese mythology who is known for her association with lightning and thunder. She is also referred to as Tianmu, which means “heavenly mother.” Dianmu is often depicted as a fierce warrior with a sword in her hand and a thunderbolt in the other.

Historical Significance

Dianmu has been an important figure in Chinese mythology for thousands of years. She is often regarded as a powerful deity who has the ability to control the weather and protect people from danger. Her role as a protector has made her a popular figure among the Chinese people, and she is often worshipped in temples and shrines throughout China.

Cultural Impact

Dianmu’s influence can be seen in various aspects of Chinese culture. For example, the Chinese character for thunder (雷) is often written with the character for Dianmu (电), which reflects her association with thunder and lightning. Additionally, Dianmu is often depicted in Chinese art and literature, and her image has become a symbol of strength and power.

Overall, Dianmu is an important figure in Chinese mythology who has had a significant impact on Chinese culture. Her association with thunder and lightning has made her a symbol of power and protection, and her image continues to be revered by many people in China today.


Linguistic Roots

The name Dianmu (電母) is derived from the Chinese words “dian” meaning electricity and “mu” meaning mother. The name is often translated as “the Mother of Lightning” or “the Lightning Goddess” due to her association with lightning.

Evolution of the Name

The name Dianmu has evolved over time, with different variations used in different regions of China. In some areas, she is known as Tianmu (天母), which means “Heavenly Mother.” In other regions, she is referred to as Lei Ting (雷霆), which means “Thunderbolt.”

The evolution of the name reflects the changing beliefs and cultural practices of the Chinese people over time. Dianmu’s association with lightning and electricity has remained constant, but her name has changed to reflect the changing attitudes and beliefs of the people who worship her.

Overall, the name Dianmu is an important part of Chinese mythology and reflects the deep connection between the Chinese people and the natural world around them.



Dianmu is usually depicted as a beautiful woman with long hair and a serene expression. She is often shown wearing a flowing robe and holding a thunderbolt or a whip. In some depictions, she is accompanied by a dragon or a phoenix, which are both symbols of power and good fortune.

Powers and Abilities

Dianmu is the goddess of lightning and thunder, and she is said to have the power to control the weather. She is also associated with wind and rain, and is believed to be able to bring good harvests and protect crops from natural disasters.

According to some myths, Dianmu has the ability to fly and to transform herself into different animals, such as a bird or a dragon. She is also said to possess great wisdom and knowledge, and is often consulted by mortals seeking advice or guidance.

Overall, Dianmu is a powerful and benevolent goddess who is revered for her ability to control the forces of nature and to bring prosperity and good fortune to those who honor her.

Family Tree


Dianmu, also known as the Lightning Goddess, is a prominent figure in Chinese mythology. She is often depicted as the wife of Lei Gong, the God of Thunder. According to Chinese mythology, Dianmu is the daughter of the Jade Emperor and the sister of the Queen Mother of the West, Xiwangmu. Her ancestry can be traced back to the ancient Chinese pantheon, where she holds a significant position as a goddess of lightning and fire.


Dianmu is not known to have any direct descendants in Chinese mythology. However, she is often associated with other deities who share her domain. For example, she is sometimes depicted alongside Lei Gong, her husband, who is responsible for creating thunder and rain. Additionally, Dianmu is often associated with the mythological figure of the Yellow Emperor, who is said to have tamed the lightning and used it to defeat his enemies.

Overall, Dianmu’s family tree is closely linked to other deities in the Chinese pantheon, and her mythology is intertwined with theirs. Despite not having any direct descendants, she remains an important figure in Chinese mythology and continues to be revered by many.


Origin Stories

Dianmu, the Chinese goddess of lightning, has a fascinating origin story. According to legend, she was born from the tears of the Jade Emperor, ruler of the heavens, and his wife Queen Mother of the West. She was created to serve as a companion to Lei Gong, the god of thunder and lightning. Dianmu was given the power to control lightning and thunder, and she quickly became one of the most feared and respected goddesses in Chinese mythology.

Major Myths

One of the most famous myths associated with Dianmu is the story of how she defeated the dragon king, Ao Guang. The dragon king had been causing chaos and destruction throughout the land, and the people of China were desperate for a hero to save them. Dianmu stepped forward and used her lightning powers to defeat the dragon king, restoring peace and order to the land.

Another popular myth tells the story of how Dianmu created the first rainbow. According to legend, she used her mirrors to reflect the light of the sun, creating a beautiful rainbow that stretched across the sky. This myth is still celebrated today during the Chinese New Year, when people hang colorful lanterns and decorations to symbolize the rainbow.

Worship and Rituals

Dianmu is still worshipped today in many parts of China, particularly in areas where lightning strikes are common. People often pray to her for protection from lightning and thunderstorms, and they offer her gifts such as mirrors and candles. There are also many festivals and rituals dedicated to Dianmu, including the Lightning Festival, which is held every year in the city of Guangzhou. During this festival, people light candles and lanterns to honor the goddess and ask for her protection.