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Hungarian Mythology Gods and Goddesses

Hungarian Mythology Gods and Goddesses

Hungarian mythology is a rich tapestry of gods, goddesses, and creatures that have captured the imaginations of people for centuries. The mythology is steeped in history and culture, and it provides a glimpse into the beliefs and values of the Hungarian people.

One of the most important figures in Hungarian mythology is Isten, which means “God” in Hungarian. He is the most powerful deity in the Upper World, where all the gods reside. Isten is responsible for shaping the fate of humans and watching over the Middle World from the sky. Lightning, known as “mennykő,” is sometimes seen as a warning sign from Isten.

Another fascinating aspect of Hungarian mythology is the concept of the Underworld, also known as the Alsó Világ. This is the lowest realm in Hungarian mythology and is believed to be a dark and mysterious place where departed souls travel after death. The Underworld is home to a variety of creatures, including dragons, witches, and demons. It is said that the souls of the dead must pass through seven gates to reach the Underworld.

Primary Gods and Goddesses

Hungarian mythology is rich in gods and goddesses, each with unique attributes and roles. Here are some of the primary gods and goddesses in Hungarian mythology:


Isten is the supreme god in Hungarian mythology. He is known as the creator of the world and the ruler of the heavens. Isten is often depicted as a wise old man with a long beard and a staff. He is responsible for maintaining order in the universe and overseeing the other gods and goddesses.


Hadur is the god of war and the protector of Hungary. He is often depicted as a muscular man with a sword and shield. Hadur is known for his bravery and his ability to protect his people from harm. He is also associated with strength and courage.


Napkiraly is the god of the sun and the bringer of light. He is often depicted as a handsome young man with golden hair and a radiant smile. Napkiraly is responsible for bringing light and warmth to the world and is associated with vitality and energy.


Holdanya is the goddess of the moon and the protector of women. She is often depicted as a beautiful woman with long hair and a gentle smile. Holdanya is responsible for regulating the tides and the seasons and is associated with femininity and intuition.

In Hungarian mythology, each god and goddess has a unique role and significance. From Isten, the supreme god and creator of the world, to Holdanya, the goddess of the moon and protector of women, these deities hold a significant place in the mythology of Hungary.

Nature Deities

Hungarian mythology has a rich history of nature deities that are associated with natural phenomena such as water, wind, and stars. These deities are believed to have the power to influence the environment and the lives of humans. Here are some of the most notable nature deities in Hungarian mythology:


Taltos is a nature deity that is often associated with shamanism. This deity is believed to have the power to communicate with the spirits of nature and to heal people with the use of herbs and other natural remedies. Taltos is also known for his ability to predict the future and to provide guidance to those who seek his help.


Szelkiraly is a wind deity that is often depicted as a powerful king who rules over the winds. This deity is believed to have the power to control the direction and strength of the winds, which makes him an important figure in Hungarian mythology. Szelkiraly is also associated with the changing of the seasons and is often depicted as a symbol of the transition from winter to spring.


Vizistar is a water deity that is often associated with the stars. This deity is believed to have the power to control the flow of water and to protect those who travel on the water. Vizistar is also known for his ability to guide sailors and fishermen to their destinations and to provide them with good luck and fortune.

Overall, these nature deities play an important role in Hungarian mythology and are considered to be powerful and influential figures. Their stories and legends continue to be passed down through generations, and they remain an important part of Hungarian culture and tradition.

Cultural Heroes and Figures

Hunor and Magor

Hunor and Magor are two brothers who are considered to be the ancestors of the Hungarian people. According to legend, they were the sons of Nimrod, a mighty hunter and king. One day, while on a hunting trip, they were separated from their father and ended up in a strange land. There, they fell in love with two beautiful women, who turned out to be the daughters of the local ruler. The brothers married the women and settled down in the land, which became known as Hungary.

Attila the Hun

Attila the Hun is another important figure in Hungarian mythology. He was a powerful ruler who led the Huns in the 5th century AD. According to legend, Attila was born with a caul over his face, which was seen as a sign of great destiny. He was known for his military prowess and his ability to inspire his troops. Attila was also feared by his enemies, who called him the “Scourge of God”. Despite his reputation as a conqueror, Attila was also known for his wisdom and justice. He was said to have a keen understanding of human nature and to be a fair and just ruler.

Creation Myths

Hungarian mythology has several creation myths, each with their unique stories and characters. One of the most popular creation myths is the story of the world egg. According to this myth, the universe began as a giant egg that contained all the elements of the world. The egg hatched, and the Upper World, Middle World, and Underworld were created.

Another creation myth tells the story of how the Earth was created. In this myth, the creator god Isten created the Earth by separating the waters of the sky and the earth. He then formed the land and populated it with animals and humans.

The creation myths in Hungarian mythology also include stories of gods and goddesses who played a role in the creation of the world. For example, the goddess of fertility, Boldogasszony, is believed to have created the first humans by molding them out of clay.

Overall, the creation myths in Hungarian mythology provide a fascinating insight into the beliefs and traditions of this ancient culture. They offer a unique perspective on the creation of the world and the role of gods and goddesses in shaping it.

Rituals and Worship Practices

Hungarian mythology was deeply ingrained into the daily lives of the people, with gods and goddesses being worshipped through various rituals and practices.

One such practice was the offering of food and drink to the gods, which was believed to appease them and ensure good fortune. These offerings were often made during festivals and celebrations, such as the harvest festival, and were accompanied by songs and dances in honor of the deities.

Another important aspect of Hungarian mythology was the use of divination to communicate with the gods. This was often done through the interpretation of dreams, as it was believed that the gods spoke to mortals through their dreams.

Divination was also practiced through the use of various objects, such as bones, stones, and cards, which were believed to hold the power to reveal the future.

Overall, the rituals and worship practices of Hungarian mythology were deeply rooted in the daily lives of the people, serving as a way to connect with the gods and ensure their favor and protection.

Mythological Creatures

Hungarian mythology is full of fascinating creatures that play important roles in the stories and beliefs of the people. Here are a few of the most notable:


The Turul is a legendary bird of prey that is often depicted as a messenger of the gods. It is said to have the ability to see into the future and is often associated with the creation of the world. The Turul is also a symbol of power and strength and is often used in Hungarian heraldry.


The Ordog is a terrifying demon that is said to haunt the forests and mountains of Hungary. It is often depicted as a horned creature with a long tail and sharp claws. The Ordog is said to be responsible for causing chaos and destruction and is often associated with evil and darkness.


The Tunder is a powerful deity that is often associated with thunder and lightning. It is said to have the ability to control the weather and is often depicted as a fierce warrior with a lightning bolt in hand. The Tunder is also associated with fertility and the harvest, making it an important figure in Hungarian agriculture.

Overall, these mythological creatures play important roles in Hungarian mythology and continue to capture the imaginations of people today.

Influence on Hungarian Culture

Hungarian mythology has had a significant impact on the country’s culture. Many of the gods and goddesses are still celebrated today in various festivals and events. For example, the goddess of fertility, Boldogasszony, is honored during the harvest season with a traditional feast.

The mythology has also influenced Hungarian art, literature, and music. Many famous Hungarian writers and poets have drawn inspiration from the mythology, including János Arany and Sándor Petőfi. The traditional Hungarian folk music often features songs about the gods and goddesses, with the most famous being the “Táltos Song”.

The mythology has also played a role in shaping the Hungarian language. Many words and phrases used in everyday conversation have their roots in the mythology, such as “Isten” (God), “Szent” (Saint), and “Varázsló” (Wizard).

Overall, Hungarian mythology has had a profound impact on the country’s culture and continues to be an important part of its heritage.